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History of Brockham

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Rev Alan Cheales

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Brockham Quarries

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World Wars

Limeworks, Heathstone Mines and Crabtree Brickworks

Further reading

ANON, 1893, Excursion to Betchworth, August 1st 1892. Proc. Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club 4(1), viii - ix [visit to hearthstone mine described]

ANON, 1921, Catalogue of the sale of the Deepdene estate. Humbert & Flint [The estate at this time included the brickworks, mines, and limeworks site and Bishop's cottages]

BISHOP, Alfred, 1889, Improvements in the method of burning lime, and in kilns therefore. UK Patent 1889: 14,997.

BISHOP, Alfred, 1905, Who's who in the Clayworkers' Instutute. XXXIII. Mr. Alfred Bishop, Betchworth. British Clayworker, June 1905, page 77.

BROCKHAM BRICK COMPANY LTD - records held at the Surrey History Centre at Woking.

BROCKHAM BRICK COMPANY LTD, 1896, [Leaflet detailing types and prices of bricks manufactured for sale]

BROCKHAM BRICK COMPANY LTD, 1900, [Account of 25th Annual General meeting] The Quarry 5, page xxiv.

BROCKHAM BRICK COMPANY LTD, 1910, [Leaflet with descriptions and prices of products]

BROCKHAM BRICK COMPANY LTD, 1910, Catalogue of the whole of the brick-making plant including brickmaking machines by Whitaker & Co., wire cut machines, grinding mills with elevators, steam engine and machinery, 20 H.P. engine by Clayton & Shuttleworth, with travelling wheels, 6 H.P. vertical engine by Garret & Son, shafting, driving wheels, &c., pumps, 2 brick presses, iron winding gear, leather and other driving bands, railway track & narrow gauge ditto & waggons, trade buildings, 13 circular kilns, brick shaft 100-ft high, machine and other sheds, portable offices, barrows, trucks, implements, large quantity old iron, and about 350,000 bricks, and numerous other items appertaining to the business, which Messrs. Peat & Holdsworth are favoured with instructions from the Directors of the Brockham Brick Company, Limited, to sell by auction on the premises, about 1 miles from Betchworth Station, in consequence of the lease of this yard having expired, on Monday, 10th October, 1910 .. Peat & Holdsworth, Auctioneers, Reigate & Redhill, Surrey [Notice of sale reprinted in Ian Dean, Andrew Neale, and David Smith, 1984, Industrial railways of the south-east (qv), page 7]

BROCKHAM LIME AND HEARTHSTONE COMPANY LTD - records held at the Surrey History Centre at Woking.

BROCKHAM MUSEUM ASSOCIATION - records held at the Amberley Museum.

BROCKHAM MUSEUM ASSOCIATION, 1966 - 74 and 1978 - 81, Brockham News (1st and 2nd Series) [Copies at the Library of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society Ltd.

BROCKHAM MUSEUM ASSOCIATION, 1977, Brockham Museum Trust: development proposals for lands at Brockham pits, Surrey. Brockham Museum Trust: unpaginated.

BROCKHAM MUSEUM ASSOCIATION, 1979, Development handbook. Brockham Museum Association: 39pp.

BROCKHAM MUSEUM ASSOCIATION, 1979, Museum guide,. 2nd edn.. Brockham Museum Association: 24pp [Written by Christopher G. Down / revised by David H. Smith]

BURGESS, Peter M., 1994, Brockham hearthstone mine. News of the Weald 12, page 1 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CHRISTIAN, Graham, 1997, Brockham. News of the Weald 25, 1 - 2 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1995, Brockham hearthstone mine. News of the Weald 14, 1 - 3 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1995, Brockham hearthstone mine - an update. Newsletter Kent Underground Research Group 47, 1 - 2 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1995, Brockham hearthstone mine - an update. News of the Weald 18, page 7 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1995, Brockham hearthstone mine. Newsletter Friends of Brockham Limeworks 1, page 3 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1996, Brockham. Newsletter Kent Underground Research Group 49, 1 - 2 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1996, Brockham mine. Newsletter Surrey Industrial History Group 91, 4 - 5 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLARK, Matthew A., 1996, Brockham hearthstone mine - an update. Newsletter Friends of Brockham Limeworks 2, page 3 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLINCH, Michael, 1995, Brockham mine. Newsletter Kent Underground Research Group 46, 3 - 4 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

CLINCH, Michael, 1997, Days out: Brockham. Newsletter Kent Underground Research Group 52, 2 - 3 [Excavation of the mine shaft by Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

DAVIS, B.N.K., 1977, The Hieracium flora of chalk and limestone quarries in England. Watsonia 11(4), 345 - 351 [Includes data for Betchworth and Brockham]

DAVIS, B.N.K., 1979, Chalk and limestone quarries as wildlife habitats. Minerals and the Environment 1(2), 48 - 56 [Includes data for Betchworth and Brockham]

DAVIS, B.N.K., (edr), 1981, Ecology of quarries. The importance of natural vegetation. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology Symposium 11: 77pp [Includes data for Betchworth and Brockham]

DAVIS, B.N.K., 1981, Regional variation in quarries. IN: B.N.K. Davis (edr), Ecology of quarries, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology Symposium 11, 12 - 19 [Includes data for Betchworth and Brockham]

DAVIS, B.N.K., 1983, Plant succession in chalk and ragstone quarries in south east England. Proc. Croydon Natural History & Scientific Soc. 17(7), 153 - 172 [Includes data for Betchworth and Brockham]

DINES, H.G., and F.H. EDMUNDS, 1933, The geology of the country around Reigate and Dorking. Memoir Geological Survey of England and Wales: xiv + 204pp + 5 plates.

DORKING GREYSTONE LIME COMPANY LTD - records held at the Surrey History Centre (Woking)

ELSDON, Robert, 1869, Improvements in the construction of kilns for the manufacture of lime and cement and for the calcining of ores or other material of a like nature requiring to be calcined. UK Patent 1869: 1,327 [Described and illustrated in Engineering, 18 February 187, page 116]

FOSTER, Clement le Neve, 1896, Reports of H.M. Inspector of Mines .. for the North Wales (&c) District for 1895, pages 39 and 44 - 45.

FRIENDS OF BROCKHAM LIMEWORKS, c. 1996 - 98, Newsletters.

GOSSLING, Frank N., 1929, The geology of the country around Reigate. Proc. Geologists' Association 40(3), 197 - 259 + plates 15 - 23.

GRAHAM, Louise, 1977, The Brockham Railway Museum. The story of the Brockham Museum Trust. Surrey County Magazine 8(6), 86 - 87 and 89.

HAMMER, J.D., 1974, Note [re. Brockham hearthstone mine] Pelobates 25, page 11.

HEARTHSTONE AND WHITING TRADES ASSOCIATION, 1925, Rules of the Hearthstone and Whiting Trades Association. Hearthstone and Whiting Trades Association: 4pp [The Brockham Lime and Hearthstone Company Ltd was a member, although their mine was closed in this year]

HOLMES, W.M., 1893, On the microscopical structure of hearthstone from Betchworth, Surrey. Proc. Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club 4(1), 17 - 20.

JAMIESON, Andrew, 2001, Brockham and Betchworth limeworks. Surrey Nature Line 120, page 13.

JAMIESON, Andrew, 2001, Restoring wildlife to the quarry. Surrey Nature Line 118, 18 - 19 [Primarily Betchworth chalk pits, but relevant also to Brockham]

JUKES-BROWNE, A.J., and W. HILL, 1900, The Cretaceous rocks of Britain. Vol. I. The Gault and Upper Greensand of England. Memoir Geological Survey of England and Wales: xiv + 499pp + 5 plates.

JUKES-BROWNE, A.J., and W. HILL, 1903, The Cretaceous rocks of Britain. Vol. II. The Lower and Middle Chalk of England. Memoir Geological Survey of England and Wales: xiii + 568pp + 8 plates.

JUKES-BROWNE, A.J., and W. HILL, 1904, The Cretaceous rocks of Britain. Vol. III. The Upper Chalk of England. Memoir Geological Survey of England and Wales: x + 566pp + 9 plates [Chapter XXV (pages 379 - 401) deals with the Economic products of the Chalk]

KIRKALDY, J.F., 1947, The work of the late Mr. Frank Gossling on the stratigraphy of the Lower Greensand between Brockham (Surrey) and Westerham (Kent) Proc. Geologists' Association 58(3), 178 - 192 + plate 6.

KNIGHT, David, 1989, Dorking in wartime: a diary of events compiled chiefly from the Dorking Advertiser and from various other sources. Dorking: author: 136pp.

MITCHELL, Vic, and Keith SMITH, 1989, Guildford to Redhill. Midhurst: Middleton Press: 96pp [Describes the railway including sidings to Brockham and other works]

MITCHELL, Vic, and Keith SMITH, 2003, Surrey narrow gauge. Midhurst: Middleton Press: 96pp [Includes information on the Betchworth and Brockham works]

NEALE, Andrew, 1981, Narrow gauge along the North Downs. Brockham News 12, 2 - 4.

OCKENDEN, A.C., 1974, Brockham hearthstone mine. Pelobates 24, page 8.

ORDNANCE SURVEY, ..

SHAW, P.J.A., 1999, Studies on the vegetation succession at Brockham lme kilns, Box Hill. London Naturalist 78, 87 - 92.

SHAW, Richard P., 1977, Brockham hearthstone mine. Pelobates 32, 17 - 19.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1968 - 69, Some notes on the geology of Brockham and Betchworth. Brockham News 2(1), 25 - 26; 2(2), 18 - 19; 2(3), 16 - 18; and 3(1), 12 - 15.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1970, The Brockham Brick Company Ltd and "Old Dorking" limeworks, Betchworth, Surrey. Brockham News 4(3), 15 - 16.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1970, Some notes on Brockham brickworks. Brockham News 4(1), 16 - 18.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1971, The Bishop's patent lime kilns at Brockham. Brockham News 5(3), 7 - 9.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1971 - 72, The hearthstone mines at Brockham. Brockham News 5(3), 4 - 5; 6(1), 13 - 15; and 6(2), 12 - 14.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1974, Hearthstone mines at Brockham. Pelobates 25, 10 - 13.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1976, Firestone and hearthstone mines in the Upper Greensand of east Surrey. Proc. Geologists' Association 86(4), 571 - 591.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1978, Brockham: limeworks, hearthstone mines, brickworks, and sand pits. Bull. Surrey Archaeological Society 145, 2 - 3.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1978, Brockham quarries. Surrey County Magazine 9(4), page 54.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1980, 'Brockham' patent lime kilns. Bull. Association for Industrial Archaeology 8(1), 3 - 4.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1980, Further notes on the hearthstone mines at Brockham. Pelobates 39, 12 - 19.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1982, Alfred Bishop's patent 'Brockham' lime kilns at the 'Old Dorking' limeworks at Brockham, Surrey. Proc. Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society 17(5), 127 - 129.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1982, The Brockham hearthstone mines and the Surrey hearthstone industry. Newsletter Unit 2 Cave Research & Exploration 2/1982, 20 - 23.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1983, The Brockham hearthstone mines and the Betchworth fault. Newsletter Unit 2 Cave Research & Exploration 3/1983, 16 - 18; also Pelobates 43, 17 - 19.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1985, Mining and quarrying in Surrey: accidents and regulations before 1900. Surrey History 3(2), 78 - 96.

SOWAN, Paul W., 1999, Monuments Protection Programme: limeworks in Surrey. Nl. Surrey Industrial History Group 107, 6 - 8 [Brockham limeworks kilns assessments as appropriate for Scheduling as Ancient Monuments]

SOWAN, Paul W., 2000, Brockham limeworks kilns: interim report. Newsletter Surrey Industrial History Group 118, 9 - 13.

TOPLEY, William, 1875, The geology of the Weald. Memoir Geological Survey of England and Wales: xiv + 503pp + 7 plates.

TOWNSEND, John L., 1967, The complete picture of the narrow gauge railway. Brockham News 1(4), 6 - 10 [General outline of policy and plans of the Brockham Museum Association]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1967, Planning application. Brockham News 1(4), 1 - 3 [Brockham railway museum]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1968, The planning application. Brockham News 2(4), 1 - 3 [Brockham railway museum]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1970, Brockham 'motive power.' Brockham News 4(2), 7 - 8 [Horses used at Brockham limeworks between 1888 and 1924]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1970, North Downs narrow gauge. Railway Magazine 116(832), 438 - 440 [Brockham Museum Association]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1970/71, The Brockham area over 100 years. Brockham News 4(4), 7 - 11 [Brockham brickworks, hearthstone mines and limeworks; includes reproductions from OS 25" plans of 1882, 1896 and 1914]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1971, Accidents at Brockham. Brockham News 5(1), page 2 [Surrey: entries from accidents register 14 September 1910 - 12 October 1934 (in the possession of J.L.T.]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1972, Alfred Bishop. Brockham News 6(1), 17 - 18.

TOWNSEND, John L., 1972, Pre-Brockham. Brockham News 6(2), 3 - 8 [Locomotives of the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd's Betchworth limeworks]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1972, The recommended preservation list. Brockham News 6(1), 5 - 6 [Brockham Museum Association]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1973 Brockham jottings. Brockham News 7(1), 17 - 19 + plate 1 [Concerns the sale by auction of the Brockham brickworks plant and buildings, 10 October 1910]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1973, The organisation of the Museum. Brockham News 7(2), 16 - 19 [Brockham Railway Museum]

TOWNSEND, John L., 1987, Moving the motor rail. Chalk Pits Chronicle 37, 19 - 20 [Removal of item from the Brockham railway museum to the Amberley Museum]

WALKER, Ray, and Don WOOD, 1995, Brockham archaeology. Pelobates 68, 16 - 17 [Hearthstone mine]

[Note: Brockham News was published by the Brockham Museum Association; London Naturalist is published by the London Natural History Society; News of the Weald by the Wealden Cave and Mine Society; Pelobates by the Croydon Caving Club; and Surrey Nature Line by the Surrey Wildlife Trust; Unit 2 Cave Research and Exploration is the former name of the Wealden Cave and Mine Society]

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Local History

Christ Church dominates the Village Green. But who built this imposing feature?


In November 2000, during the wettest autum for 200 years, the River Mole burst it's banks.

Yes, Cricket was played on the Green and W G Grace may have played here...


Read the fascinating Story of Way House aka, Brockham Industrial and Training School

Brockham owes much to Rev Alan Cheales and the tireless efforts of his wife and children. Read more

Further Information

Paul W Sowan is Vice President and Librarian of the Croydon Natural History & Scientific Study Society.

CNHSS

96a Brighton Road

South Croydon

Surrey

CR2 6AD

www.greig51.freeserve.co/cnhss

Paul has included an extensive bibliography and suggestions for further research into the quarries at Brockham.

Relevant Links

Surrey County Council

www.surreycc.gov.uk

Surrey Wildlife Trust www.surreywildlifetrust.co.uk
Wealden Cave and Mine Society www.wcms.org.uk

Surrey History Service

www.surreycc.gov.uk/surreyhistoryservice/

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The information provided on this website is in good faith by residents of Brockham. No responsibility can be accepted for any errors or ommissions or for any actions arising out of the use of this information. If you wish to notify us of any errors then please contact the editor at: editor@brockhamvillage.co.uk

Nick Caddick. This page was last revised on Tuesday, 27-Sep-2005 6:32 PM .